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Binding Context

In DotVVM, each HTML element or DotVVM control has the DataContext property. Using this property, you can change the context in which data bindings are evaluated.

Let's have the following view and viewmodel:

	@viewModel AddressViewModel, DotvvmDemo

	<div DataContext="{value: Customer}">
		{{value: Name}}
	</div>
public class AddressViewModel {	
	public Customer Customer { get; set; }	
}

public class Customer {
	public string Name { get; set; }	
}

The DataContext property will make all bindings on the <div> element and all bindings inside this element to be evaluated in the context of the Customer property of the viewmodel.

If the DataContext binding is not present, the binding inside the <div> would have to be {{value: Customer.Name}}.

Null DataContext

There is also one helpful feature. If the DataContext of any element is null, the element is removed from the DOM and the bindings inside this element are not evaluated at all.

When you set some value in the DataContext property, the element re-appears in the DOM.

If you don't want the <div> element to hide, the DataContext property must point to some property which is not null.


Binding Context Variables

Inside elements that change the DataContext property, you can use the following binding context variables to navigate the viewmodel hierarchy.

  • _root accesses the top-level viewmodel (the viewmodel of the page).
  • _parent accesses the parent binding context.
  • _parent2 accesses the parent's parent binding context and so on...
  • _this references the current context. It is useful when you need to pass the current DataContext e.g. as an argument to a method.

For example, the following binding calls the DeleteAddress method in the page viewmodel and passes the current binding context as an argument.

<div DataContext="{value: Company}">
	<dot:Button Click="{command: _root.DeleteAddress(_this)}" />
</div>

In DotVVM 1.1 and newer versions, there is also a binding context variable _control which can access the properties of the user control. See the Markup Controls chapter for more info.

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